Some of the information here could as well as have gone under farming or pioneering skills. There is so much information about using bicyles, that while they might have gone under simple machines, they have gotten a category of their own. The same applies to windmills and waterwheels. Some of the decisions as where to put information have been arbitrary but there is just too much to put it all under one category, so the reader needs to look under all the categories when studying the subject.
Table of Contents:
Some basic tools and concepts of science and mechanics
The Basic Principles of Machinery
Fundamentals Of Machine Tools
This 168 page .pdf book covers levers, block and tackle, plane and wedge, and on up through hydraulic devices, and internal combustion engines, and more.
Drafting and Shop Drawing
This 309 page Army manual covers lots of basic machine tools.
Machine Shop Calculation
A 117 page Army Manual on a shop management basic.
Precision Measuring and Gaging
A 127 page Army course on machine shop calculations.
Precision Measuring Instruments
This is a 96 page Army course.
This is a 50 page Army course.
A 98 page Army course on metal characteristics.
Milling Machine Operations
A 140 page Army course on lathe operations.
How to build a multimachine
An 81 page Army course on Milling Machine Operations.
How-To Build your own CNC machine (Part 1)
This eighty page presentation with lots of good pictures and discussion explains how to build entirely from scrap metal a very useful multimachine.
How-To Build your own CNC machine (Part 2)
How-To Build your own CNC machine (Part 3)
Hydraulic Press - Plans
CNC (Computerized Numerical Control) for automated production is a very powerful thing that you may be able to develop if you can keep some computers operating.
Simple 2 page instructions on how to make your own hydraulic press.
Screw Press Plans
You probably won't be able to find the parts to do this exact design - but it may give you some ideas.
Band Saw Operations
Two pages of simple instructions on how to make a screw press.
Welding Operations course.
A 101 page Army Manual that teaches how to use a basic shop machine
This is a 113 page Army course on welding.