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THE HUMANURE HANDBOOK -- REFERENCE CITATIONS

CHAPTER ONE | TWO | THREE | FOUR | FIVE | SIX | SEVEN | EIGHT | NINE | TEN


REFERENCES - CHAPTER ONE - CRAP HAPPENS

1 - Brown, Lester R., et al. (1998). State of the World 1998. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., p. 115.

2 - Brown, Lester R., et al. (1999). State of the World 1999. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., p. 15.

3 - Associated Press. (1999 January 12).

4 - State of the World 1999, p. 14.

5 - State of the World 1999, p. 88.

6 - State of the World 1998, p. 3, 10.

7 - State of the World 1999, p. 10; State of the World 1998, p. 3.

8 - Brown, Lester R., et al. (1998). Vital Signs 1998. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., p. 20.

9 - State of the World 1998, p. 4, 5.

10 - State of the World 1998, p. 14.

11 - State of the World 1999, p. 79, 83.

12 - State of the World 1999, p. 87.

13 - State of the World 1998, p. 11, 41; State of the World 1999, p. 97.

14 - State of the World 1999, p. 13, 97.

15 - State of the World 1999, p. 20, 21, 41, 46.

16 - Steingraber, Sandra. (1997). Living Downstream. Reading, MA: Perseus Books, p. 70.

17 - Living Downstream, p. 90.

18 - Colborn, Theo, Dumanoksi, Diane and Myers, John Peterson. (1996). Our Stolen Future. New York: Penguin Books, p.137.

19 - Living Downstream, p. 103.

20 - State of the World 1999, p. 49; Living Downstream, p. 70.

21 - Living Downstream, p. 38, 40, 49, 59, 60.

22 - Our Stolen Future, p. 137.

23 - Ryan, Frank, M.D. (1997). Virus X. New York: Little, Brown and Co., p. 383-390.

24 - State of the World 1999, p. xix.

25 - Gelbspan, Ross. (1997). The Heat is On. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., Inc., p. 148, 157.

26 - Barker, Rodney. (1998). And the Waters Turned to Blood. New York: Touchstone.


REFERENCES - CHAPTER TWO - WASTE NOT WANT NOT

1 - Hershkowitz, Allen. (1997). Too Good to Throw Away: Recycling's Proven Record. Washington, D.C.: Natural Resources Defense Council, Chapter 2.

2 - Steingraber, Sandra. (1997). Living Downstream. Reading, MA: Perseus Books, p. 95.

3 - Living Downstream, p. 238.

4 - Too Good to Throw Away, Chapter Two.

5 - Brown, Lester R., et al. (1998). State of the World 1998. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., p. 106.

6 - Kantor, Linda S., et al. (1997, January - April). “Estimating and Addressing America's Food Losses.” Food Review. Washington, D.C.: US Department of Agriculture, Commodity Economics Division, Economic Research Service.

7 - US Environmental Protection Agency. (May 1998) Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 1997 Update. Report # EPA530-R-98-007. Washington, D.C.: US Environmental Protection Agency, p. 29, 45.

8 - State of the World 1998, p. 102.

9 - State of the World 1998, p. 101, 166.

10 - State of the World 1998, p. 101.

11 - Environment Reporter. (1996 September 27)

12 - Too Good to Throw Away, Chapter Two.

13 - Too Good to Throw Away, Chapter Two.

14 - World Resource Foundation. (1998, April). Warmer Bulletin Information Sheet - Landfill.

15 - Hammond, A., et al. (Eds.) (1993). 1993 Information Please Environmental Almanac. New York. Houghton Mifflin Co., p. 60-64.

16 - Brown, Lester R., et al. (1999). State of the World 1999. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., p. 141.

17 - Daniel, J.E., et al., (Eds.). 1992 Earth Journal. Boulder, CO: Buzzworm Books, p. 94.

18 - Fahm, Lattee A. (1980). The Waste of Nations: The Economic Utilization of Human Waste in Agriculture. Montclair, NJ: Allenheld, Osmun & Co., p. 45.

19 - Golden, Jack, et al. (1979). The Environmental Impact Data Book. Ann Arbor, MI: Ann Arbor Science Publishers, Inc., p. 495.

20 - US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Ocean Resources, Conservation and Assessment. (1987). The National Coastal Pollutant Discharge Inventory Database. Silver Spring, MD: DOC/NOAA/ORCA.

21 - Environment Reporter. (1991 November 22) p. 1799.

22 - Environment Reporter. (1992 January 3) p. 2103.

23 - Environment Reporter. (1992 February 14) p. 2373.

24 - Environment Reporter. (1991 December 27) p. 2072.

25 - Environment Reporter. (1992 January 17) p. 2144.

26 - Environment Reporter. (1992 May 1) p. 13.

27 - US Environmental Protection Agency. (September 1997). Beach Program, EPA#820-F-97-002. Washington, D.C.: US Environmental Protection Agency, p. 5.

28 - Environment Reporter. (1992 July 31). Washington D.C.: Bureau of National Affairs, Inc., p. 1110.

29 - Paul, Elizabeth. (1998). Testing the Waters VIII: Has Your Vacation Beach Cleaned Up Its Act?. Washington, D.C.: Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.; NRDC Worldview News. (1998). Pollution Persists at US Beaches. Washington, D.C.: Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.

30 - Bitton, Gabriel. (1994). Wastewater Microbiology. New York: Wiley-Liss, Inc., p. 368-369.

31 - National Resources Defense Council. (1997). Bulletin: Stop Polluted Runoff - 11 Actions to Clean up Our Waters. http://www.nrdc.org/nrdcpn/fppubl.html

32 - Wastewater Microbiology, p. 86.

33 - Ralof, Janet. (1998 March 21). “Drugged Waters--Does it Matter that Pharmaceuticals are Turning Up in Water Supplies?” Science News, Vol. 153 (No. 12), p. 187-189.

34 - State of the New England Environment. (1996). Preserving New England Natural Resources. http://www.epa.gov/region01/soe/coastal.html

35 - Environment Reporter. (1991 November 8) p. 1745-46; (1992 January 31) p. 2299.

36 - Toward Organic Security: Environmental Restoration or the Arms Race?. Peace and Environment Platform Project, c/o World Citizens Assembly, Suite 506, 312 Sutter St., San Francisco, CA 94018.

37 - Vital Signs 1998, p. 156.

38 - Courier. (1985, January). UNESCO. 7 Place de Fentenoy, 75700 Paris, France.

39 - State of the World 1999, p. 137.

40 - Vital Signs 1998, p. 156.

41 - Vital Signs 1998, p. 156, 157.

42 - Wastewater Microbiology, p. 79-80.

43 - Wastewater Microbiology, p. 261.

44 - Associated Press. (1993 April 10). Observer-Reporter. Washington and Green Counties, PA, p. A2; Carrolton, GA statistics from Wastewater Microbiology, p. 97.

45 - Goldstein, Debra. (1997). “Your drinking water: H2+O+what else?.” e-Amicus. Washington, D.C.: National Resources Defense Council, http://www.nrdc.org/eamicus/index.html; US Environmental Protection Agency. Indicator 2: Population Served by Unfiltered Surface Water Systems at Risk from Microbiological Contamination. Washington, D.C.: US Environmental Protection Agency.

46 - Gever, John, et al. (1986). Beyond Oil: The Threat to Food and Fuel in the Coming Decades, A Summary Report. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Co.

47 - Solley, Wayne B., et al. (1990). “Estimated Water Use in the United States in 1990.” US Geological Survey Circular 1081, Table 31. Denver, CO. United State Geological Service, p. 65.

48 - National Resources Defense Council. (1996 December 24). Population and Consumption at NRDC: US Population Scorecard. Washington, D.C.: National Resources Defense Council.

49 - The Waste of Nations, p. xxiv.

50 - Stoner, Carol (Ed.). (1977). Goodbye to the Flush Toilet. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press, Inc., p. vii.

51 - 1993 Information Please Environmental Almanac, p. 340-341.

52 - Environment Reporter. (1992 April 24) p. 2877-78.

53 - State of the World 1998, p. 100.

54 - Sides, S. (1991, August/September). "Compost." Mother Earth News, Issue 127, p. 50.

55 - Environment Reporter. (1992 February 28) p. 2439.

56 - Brown, Lester R., et al. (1998). Vital Signs 1998. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., p. 44-45.

57 - Vital Signs, p. 44.

58 - Vital Signs, p. 132.

59 - Vital Signs 1998, p. 132.

60 - US Environmental Protection Agency. PA IRIS Substance File: Nitrate, CASRN 14797-55-8. Washington, D.C.: US Environmental Protection Agency.

61 - 1992 Earth Journal, p. 159.

62 - US Environmental Protection Agency. (1990). National Survey of Pesticides in Drinking Water Wells. Washington, D.C.: US Environmental Protection Agency.

63 - State of the World 1999, p. 135.

64 - State of the World 1990, p. 184.

65 - Rybczynski, Witold, et al. (1982). Low Cost Technology Options for Sanitation - A State of the Art Review and Annotated Bibliography. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, p. 23.

66 - Cannon, Charles A. (1997 September 3-5). “Life Cycle Analysis and Sustainability Moving Beyond the Three R's -- Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle -- to P2R2 -- Preserve, Purify, Restore and Remediate.” In E.I. Stentiford (Ed.), Proceedings of the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment International Conference. Harrogate, UK, p. 252-253. Available from Stuart Brown, National Compost Development Association, PO Box 4, Grassington, North Yorkshire, BD23 5UR UK (stuartbrown@compuserve.com)


REFERENCES - CHAPTER THREE - MICROHUSBANDRY

1 - Shuval, Hillel I., et al. (1981). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Night Soil Composting. p.2. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), Washington DC, 20433, USA.

2 - Shuval, Hillel I. et al. (1981). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Night Soil Composting. p.2. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), Washington DC, 20433, USA.

3 - Shuval, Hillel I. et al. (1981). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Night Soil Composting. p.ii. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), Washington DC, 20433, USA.

4 - Rodale, J. I. (1960). The Complete Book of Composting. p. 9. Rodale Books, Inc., Emmaus, PA.

5 - Sides, S. (1991). Compost. Mother Earth News. Issue 127, Aug/Sept 1991 (pp.49-53).

6 - Bem, R., (1978). Everyone’s Guide to Home Composting. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., NY (p.4).

7 - Haug, Roger T. (1993). The Practical Handbook of Compost Engineering. p. 2. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd. N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

8 - Cannon, Charles A., (1997). Life Cycle Analysis and Sustainability Moving Beyond the Three R’s - Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle - to P2R2 - Preserve, Purify, Restore and Remediate. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. P. 253. Available from Stuart Brown, National Compost Development Association, PO Box 4, Grassington, North Yorkshire, BD23 5UR UK (stuartbrown@compuserve.com).

9 - Howard, Sir Albert, (1943). An Agricultural Testament. Oxford University Press: New York.

10 - Bhamidimarri, R. (1988). Alternative Waste Treatment Systems. Elsevier Applied Science Publishers LTD., Crown House, Linton Road, Barking, Essex, IG11 8JU, England. (p.129).

11 - Rynk, Robert, ed. (1992). On-Farm Composting Handbook. Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. Ph: (607) 255-7654. p. 12.

12 - Haug, Roger T. (1993). The Practical Handbook of Compost Engineering. p. 2. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd. N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

13 - Palmisano, Anna C. and Barlaz, Morton A. (Eds.) (1996). Microbiology of Solid Waste. P. 129. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

14 - Howard, Sir Albert, (1943). An Agricultural Testament. (p.48).

15 - Ingham, Elaine (1998). Anaerobic Bacteria and Compost Tea. Biocycle, June 1998, p 86. The JG Press, Inc., 419 State Avenue, Emmaus, PA 18049.

16 - Stoner, C.H. (Ed.). (1977). Goodbye to the Flush Toilet. Rodale Press: Emmaus, PA, 1977. (p.46).

17 - Rodale, J.I. et al. (Eds.). (1960). The Complete Book of Composting. Rodale Books Inc.: Emmaus, Pa (pp.646-647).

18 - Gotaas, Harold B., (1956). Composting - Sanitary Disposal and Reclamation of Organic Wastes. p.39. World Health Organization, Monograph Series Number 31. Geneva.

19 - Mixing Browns and Greens For Backyard Success. Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, January 1998. p. 20 (Regional Roundup). JG Press, Inc., 419 State Ave., Emmaus, PA 18049 USA.

20 - Brock, Thomas D. (1986). Thermophiles - General, Molecular, and Applied Biology. p.4. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

21 - Madigan, Michael T. et al. (1997). Brock Biology of Microorganisms, Eighth edition. Pp. 150, 167. Information about water heaters, as well as temperature ranges of bacteria.

22 - Waksman, S.A. (1952). Soil Microbiology. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. (p.70).

23 - Rynk, Robert, ed. (1992). On-Farm Composting Handbook. Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. Ph: (607) 255-7654. p. 55.

24 - Thimann, K.V. (1955). The Life of Bacteria: Their Growth, Metabolism, and Relationships. The Macmillan Co., New York. (p.177).

25 - Wade, Nicholas (1996). Universal Ancestor. The New York Times, as seen in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Monday, August 26, 1996, p. A-8.

26 - Brock, Thomas D. (1986). Thermophiles - General, Molecular, and Applied Biology. p.23. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

27 - Bitton, Gabriel (1994). Wastewater Microbiology. p. 81. Wiley-Liss, Inc. 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10518-0012.

28 - Bitton, Gabriel (1994). Wastewater Microbiology. p. 212. Wiley-Liss, Inc. 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10518-0012.

29 - Palmisano, Anna C. and Barlaz, Morton A. (Eds.) (1996). Microbiology of Solid Waste. P. 123. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

30 - Lynch, J.M. and Poole, N.L. (Eds.). (1979). Microbial Ecology: A Conceptual Approach. Blackwell Scientific Publications, London. (p.238).

31 - Sterritt, Robert M. (1988). Microbiology for Environmental and Public Health Engineers. P. 53. E. & F. N. Spon Ltd., New York, NY 10001 USA.

32 - Palmisano, Anna C. and Barlaz, Morton A. (Eds.) (1996). Microbiology of Solid Waste. Pp. 124, 125, 129, 133. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

33 - Ingham, Elaine (1998). Replacing Methyl Bromide with Compost. Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, December 1998. p. 80. JG Press, Inc., 419 State Ave., Emmaus, PA 18049 USA.

34 - Curry, Dr. Robin (1977). Composting of Source Separated Domestic Organic Waste by Mechanically Turned Open Air Windrowing. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. P. 184.

35 - Applied Microbiology, December 1969.

36 - Gotaas, Harold B., (1956). Composting - Sanitary Disposal and Reclamation of Organic Wastes (p.20). World Health Organization, Monograph Series Number 31. Geneva.

37 - Curry, Dr. Robin (1977). Composting of Source Separated Domestic Organic Waste by Mechanically Turned Open Air Windrowing. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. P. 183.

38 - Palmisano, Anna C. and Barlaz, Morton A. (Eds.) (1996). Microbiology of Solid Waste. P. 169. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

39 - Palmisano, Anna C. and Barlaz, Morton A. (Eds.) (1996). Microbiology of Solid Waste. Pp. 121, 124, 134. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

40 - Rodale, J. I. (1960). The Complete Book of Composting. p. 702. Rodale Books, Inc., Emmaus, PA.

41 - Curry, Dr. Robin (1977). Composting of Source Separated Domestic Organic Waste by Mechanically Turned Open Air Windrowing. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. P. 183.

42 - Brock, Thomas D. (1986). Thermophiles - General, Molecular, and Applied Biology. p.244. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

43 - Rynk, Robert, ed. (1992). On-Farm Composting Handbook. Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. Ph: (607) 255-7654. p. 13.

44 - Biocycle, November 1998, p.18.

45 - Rodale, J. I. (1960). The Complete Book of Composting. p. 932. Rodale Books, Inc., Emmaus, PA.

46 - Smalley, Curtis (1998). Hard Earned Lessons on Odor Management. Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, January 1998. p. 59. JG Press, Inc., 419 State Ave., Emmaus, PA 18049 USA.

47 - Brinton, William F. Jr. (date unknown). Sustainability of Modern Composting - Intensification Versus Cost and Quality. Woods End Institute, PO Box 297, Mt. Vernon, Maine 04352 USA.

48 - Brinton, William F. Jr. (date unknown). Sustainability of Modern Composting - Intensification Versus Cost and Quality. Woods End Institute, PO Box 297, Mt. Vernon, Maine 04352 USA.

49 - Palmisano, Anna C. and Barlaz, Morton A. (Eds.) (1996). Microbiology of Solid Waste. P. 170. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

50 - Researchers Study Composting in the Cold. Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, January 1998. p. 24 (Regional Roundup). JG Press, Inc., 419 State Ave., Emmaus, PA 18049 USA.

51 - Gotaas, Harold B., (1956). Composting - Sanitary Disposal and Reclamation of Organic Wastes. p.77. World Health Organization, Monograph Series Number 31. Geneva.

52 - Regan, Raymond W. (1998). Approaching 50 years of Compost Research. Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, October 1998. p. 82. JG Press, Inc., 419 State Ave., Emmaus, PA 18049 USA.

53 - Howard, Sir Albert (1943). An Agricultural Testament. Oxford University Press: New York. (p.44). Also see: Rodale, J.I. (1946). Pay Dirt. The Devon-Adair Co.: New York.

54 - Rodale, J.I. et al. (Eds.) (1960). The Complete Book of Composting. Rodale Books Inc.: Emmaus, PA (p.658).

55 - Regan, Raymond W. (1998). Approaching 50 years of Compost Research. Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, October 1998. p. 82. JG Press, Inc., 419 State Ave., Emmaus, PA 18049 USA.

56 - Poncavage, J. and Jesiolowski, J. (1991). Mix Up a Compost and a Lime. Organic Gardening. March 1991, Vol. 38, Issue 3. (p.18).

57 - Gotaas, Harold B., (1956). Composting - Sanitary Disposal and Reclamation of Organic Wastes. p.93. World Health Organization, Monograph Series Number 31. Geneva.

58 - Palmisano, Anna C. and Barlaz, Morton A. (Eds.) (1996). Microbiology of Solid Waste. P. 132. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

59 - US EPA (1998). An Analysis of Composting as an Environmental Remediation Technology. EPA530-B-98-001, March 1998.

60 - Haug, Roger T. (1993). The Practical Handbook of Compost Engineering. p. 9. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd. N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

61 - US EPA (October 1997). Innovative Uses of Compost - Bioremediation and Pollution Prevention. EPA530-F-97-042.

62 - US EPA (1998). An Analysis of Composting as an Environmental Remediation Technology. EPA530-B-98-001, March 1998.

63 - Cannon, Charles A., (1997). Life Cycle Analysis and Sustainability Moving Beyond the Three R’s - Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle - to P2R2 - Preserve, Purify, Restore and Remediate. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. P. 253. Available from Stuart Brown, National Compost Development Association, PO Box 4, Grassington, North Yorkshire, BD23 5UR UK (stuartbrown@compuserve.com).

64 - US EPA (October 1997). Innovative Uses of Compost - Bioremediation and Pollution Prevention. EPA530-F-97-042.

65 - Logan, W.B. (1991). “Rot is Hot.” New York Times Magazine. 9/8/91, Vol. 140, Issue 4871. (p.46).

66 - Compost Fungi Used to Recover Wastepaper. Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, May 1998. p. 6 (Biocycle World). JG Press, Inc., 419 State Ave., Emmaus, PA 18049 USA.

67 - Young, Lily Y., and Cerniglia, Carl E. (Eds.) (1995). Microbial Transformation and Degradation of Toxic Organic Chemicals. Pp. 408, 461, and Table 12.5. Wiley-Liss, Inc. 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10518-0012.

68 - Palmisano, Anna C. and Barlaz, Morton A. (Eds.) (1996). Microbiology of Solid Waste. P. 127. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

69 - Logan, W.B. (1991). “Rot is Hot.” New York Times Magazine. 9/8/91, Vol. 140, Issue 4871. (p.46).

70 - Lubke, Sigfried. (1989). Interview: All Things Considered in the Wake of the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident. Acres U.S.A. December 1989. (p. 20) [also contact Uta and Sigfried Lubke, A4722 Peuerbach, Untererleinsbach 1, Austria]

71 - US EPA (1998). An Analysis of Composting as an Environmental Remediation Technology. EPA530-B-98-001, March 1998.

72 - Cannon, Charles A., (1997). Life Cycle Analysis and Sustainability Moving Beyond the Three R’s - Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle - to P2R2 - Preserve, Purify, Restore and Remediate. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. P. 254. Available from Stuart Brown, National Compost Development Association, PO Box 4, Grassington, North Yorkshire, BD23 5UR UK (stuartbrown@compuserve.com).and Schonberner, Doug (1998). Reclaiming Contaminated Soils, as well as Block, Dave (1998). Composting Breaks Down Explosives. Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, September 1998, 36-40.

73 - US EPA (1998). An Analysis of Composting as an Environmental Remediation Technology. EPA530-B-98-001, March 1998.

74 - Block, Dave (1998). Degrading PCB’s Through Composting. Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, December 1998. p. 45-48. JG Press, Inc., 419 State Ave., Emmaus, PA 18049 USA.

75 - US EPA (October 1997). Innovative Uses of Compost - Bioremediation and Pollution Prevention. EPA530-F-97-042.

76 - US EPA (October 1997). Innovative Uses of Compost - Bioremediation and Pollution Prevention. EPA530-F-97-042.

77 - Rynk, Robert, ed. (1992). On-Farm Composting Handbook. Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. Ph: (607) 255-7654. p. 83.

78 - Hoitink, Harry A. J. et al., (1997). Suppression of Root and Foliar Diseases Induced by Composts. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. p. 95.

79 - US EPA (October 1997). Innovative Uses of Compost - Disease Control for Plants and Animals. EPA530-F-97-044.

80 - US EPA (1998). An Analysis of Composting as an Environmental Remediation Technology. EPA530-B-98-001, March 1998.

81 - Logan, W.B. (1991). "Rot is Hot". New York Times Magazine. 9/8/91, Vol. 140, Issue 4871. (p.46).

82 - US EPA (1998). An Analysis of Composting as an Environmental Remediation Technology. EPA530-B-98-001, March 1998.

83 - Trankner, Andreas, and Brinton, William (date unknown). Compost Practices for Control of Grape Powdery Mildew (Uncinula necator). Woods End Institute, PO Box 297, Mt. Vernon, Maine 04352 USA.

84 - Quote from Elaine Ingham as reported in: Grobe, Karin (1998). Fine-Tuning the Soil Web. Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, January 1998. p. 46. JG Press, Inc., 419 State Ave., Emmaus, PA 18049 USA.

85 - Sides, S. (1991). Compost. Mother Earth News. Issue 127, Aug/Sept 1991 (p.50).

86 - US EPA (October 1997). Innovative Uses of Compost - Disease Control for Plants and Animals. EPA530-F-97-044.

87 - Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, October 1998. p. 26. JG Press, Inc., 419 State Ave., Emmaus, PA 18049 USA.

88 - US EPA (October 1997). Innovative Uses of Compost - Disease Control for Plants and Animals. EPA530-F-97-044.

89 - Brodie, Herbert L., and Carr, Lewis E. (1997). Composting Animal Mortality. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. Pp. 155-159.

90 - McKay, Bart (1998). Com-Postal-Ing in Texas. Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, May 1998. p. 44-46. JG Press, Inc., 419 State Ave., Emmaus, PA 18049 USA.

91 - Garbage: the Practical Journal for the Environment. May/June 1992, p.66, Old House Journal Corp., 2 Main St., Gloucester, MA 01930.

92 - Logan, W.B. (1991). “Rot is Hot.” New York Times Magazine. 9/8/91, Vol. 140, Issue 4871.

93 - Biocycle, Journal of Composting and Recycling, November 1998. p. 18. JG Press, Inc., 419 State Ave., Emmaus, PA 18049 USA.


REFERENCES - CHAPTER FOUR - DEEP SH*T

1 - Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. September/October 1998.

2 - Wilson, N.W., (1966). Three Ways of Asian Wisdom. Simon and Shuster: New York. (p.11-12).

3 - Ibid. (p.77-78).

4 - Ibid. (p.137).

5 - Ibid. (p.145).

6 - Ibid. (p.140).

7 - Lao Tsu. Tao Te Ching. Vintage Books Edition, 1972. Vintage Books (Random House): New York. (#57).

8 - Holy Bible. King James Version. The World Publishing Co.: New York. (p.9).

9 - Rodale, J. I., (1946). Paydirt, Devon-Adair Co.: NY, (p.vi).

10 - Beyond Oil: The Threat to Food and Fuel in the Coming Decades, A summary Report. November 1986. Carrying Capacity Inc., 1325 G. Street, NW, Suite 1003, Wash. D.C. 10005.

11 - King, F.H., (1911). Farmers of Forty Centuries. Rodale Press: Emmaus, PA 18049.

12 - Ibid. (p.193, 196-7).

13 - Ibid. (p.10).

14 - Ibid. (p.19).

15 - Ibid. (p.199).

16 - White, A.D. (1955). The Warfare of Science with Theology. George Braziller: New York. (pp.68,70).

17 - Ibid. (p.69).

18 - Ibid. (p.71).

19 - Ibid. (p.73).

20 - Ibid. (pp.76-77).

21 - Ibid. (p.84).

22 - Ibid. (p.85).

23 - Reyburn, Wallace (1989). Flushed with Pride - The Story of Thomas Crapper. Pavilion Books Limited, 196 Shaftesbury Avenue, London WC2H 8JL. pp. 24-25.

24 - Seaman, L.C.B. (1973). Victorian England. Methuan & Co.: London. (pp. 48-56).

25 - Shuval, Hillel I. et al. (1981). Appropriate Technology forWater Supply and Sanitation - Night Soil Composting. Abstract. World Bank, Washington DC 20433, USA.

26 - Winblad, Uno, and Kilama, Wen (1985). Sanitation Without Water. Macmillan Education Ltd., London and Basingstoke. p. 12.

27 - Edmonds, Richard Louis (1994). Patterns of China’s Lost Harmony - A Survey of the Country’s Environmental Degradation and Protection. p. 9, 132, 137, 142, 146, 156. Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE and 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001.

28 - Hoitink, Harry A. J. et al., (1997). Suppression of Root and Foliar Diseases Induced by Composts. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. p. 97.

29 - Farmers of Forty Centuries. (p.198).


REFERENCES - CHAPTER FIVE - A DAY IN THE LIFE OF A TURD

1 - Manci, K. Septic Tank - Soil Absorption Systems. Agricultural Engineering Fact Sheet SW-44. Penn State College of Agriculture Cooperative Extension, University Park, PA 16802.

2 - Manci, K. Mound Systems for Wastewater Treatment. SW-43. Same as above.

3 - Stewart, John G. (1990). Drinking Water Hazards: How to Know if There Are Toxic Chemicals in Your Water and What to Do If There Are. Envirographics: Hiram, Ohio. (pp.177-178).

4 - van der Leeden, F. et al. (1990). The Water Encyclopedia. Lewis Publishers Inc.: Chelsea, Michigan, 48118. (p.526).

5 - Ibid. (p.525).

6 - Stewart, John G. (as in #3 above, same pages).

7 - Ibid.

8 - Environment Reporter. 2/28/92. The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc., Washington D.C., (pp. 2441-2).

9 - Gray, N.F. (1990). Activated Sludge Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press: New York. (p.125).

10 - Journal of Environmental Health. July/August 1989. “EPA Proposes New Rules for Sewage Sludge Disposal”. (P.321).

11 - Logan, W.B. (1991). "Rot is Hot." New York Times Magazine. 9/8/91 Vol. 140, Issue 4871, p.46.

12 - van der Leeden, F. et al. (1990). The Water Encyclopedia Second Edition. Lewis Publishers, 121 South Main Street, Chelsea, Michigan 48118 (p. 541).

13 - Garbage. February/March 1993. Old House Journal Corp., 2 Main St., Gloucester, MA 01930. (p.18).

14 - Pickford, John (1995). Low-Cost Sanitation - A Survey of Practical Experience. p. 96. IT Publications, 103-105 Southampton Row, London WC1B 4HH, UK.

15 - US EPA (1996). Wastewater Treatment: Alternatives to Septic Systems (Guidance Document). EPA/909-K-96-001. US Environmental Protection Agency, Region 9, Drinking Water Program (W-6-3). p. 16-19. and:US EPA (1987). It’s Your Choice - A Guidebook for Local Officials on Small Community Wastewater Management Options. EPA 430/9-87-006. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Municipal Pollution Control (WH-595), Municipal Facilities Division, Washington DC 20460. p.55.

16 - Manahan, S.E. (1990). Hazardous Waste Chemistry, Toxicology and Treatment. Lewis Publishers, Inc.: Chelsea, Michigan. (p.131).

17 - Bitton, Gabriel (1994). Wastewater Microbiology. p. 120. Wiley-Liss, Inc. 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10518-0012.

18 - Ibid. (pp. 148-49).

19 - Baumann, Marty. USA Today. Feb 2, 1994, p. 1A, 4A. USA Today (Gannet Co. Inc.) 1000 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, VA 22229.

20 - "The Perils of Chlorine." Audubon Magazine, 93:30-2. Nov/Dec 1991.

21 - Liptak, B.G. (1991). Municipal Waste Disposal in the 1990’s. Chilton Book Co.: Radnor, PA. (pp.196-8).

22 - Bitton, Gabriel (1994). Wastewater Microbiology. p. 312. Wiley-Liss, Inc. 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10518-0012.

23 - Stiak, J. "The Trouble With Chlorine." Buzzworm. Nov/Dec 1992. (p.22).

24 - Bitton, Gabriel (1994). Wastewater Microbiology. p. 121. Wiley-Liss, Inc. 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10518-0012.

25 - Environment Reporter. 7/10/92. (p.767).

26 - Bitton, Gabriel (1994). Wastewater Microbiology. p. 121. Wiley-Liss, Inc. 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10518-0012.

27 - Buzzworm. March/April 1993. (p.17).

28 - Environment Reporter. 7/10/92. (p.767).

29 - Ibid. 4/24/92. (p.2879).

30 - Ibid. 8/7/92. (p.1155).

31 - Burke, W.K. "A Prophet of Eden." Buzzworm. Vol. IV, Number 2, March/April 1992. (pp.18-19).

32 - Environment Reporter. 8/7/92. (P.1152).

33 - Ibid. 5/15/92. (p.319).

34 - Bitton, Gabriel (1994). Wastewater Microbiology. p. 352. Wiley-Liss, Inc. 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10518-0012.

35 - Ibid. 3/6/92 (p. 2474) and 1/17/92 (p.2145).

36 - Ibid. 1/3/92 (p.2109).

37 - Ibid. 11/1/91 (p.1657) and 9/27/96 (p. 1212).

38 - Hammond, A. et al. (Eds.) (1993). The 1993 Information Please Environmental Almanac. Compiled by the World Resources Institute. Houghton Mifflin Co.: New York. (p.41).

39 - Purves, D. (1990). "Toxic Sludge." Nature. Vol. 346, 8/16/1990 (pp. 617-18).

40 - Bitton, Gabriel (1994). Wastewater Microbiology. p. 352. Wiley-Liss, Inc. 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10518-0012.

41 - Rybczynski, W. et al. (1982). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Low Cost Technology Options for Sanitation, A State of the Art Review and Annotated Bibliography. World Bank. (p. 124).

42 - Ibid. (p. 125).

43 - Sterritt, Robert M. (1988). Microbiology for Environmental and Public Health Engineers. P. 160. E. & F. N. Spon Ltd., New York, NY 10001 USA.

44 - Fahm, L.A. (1980). The Waste of Nations. Allanheld, Osmun & Co.: Montclair, NJ (p.61).

45 - Shuval, Hillel I. et al. (1981). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Night Soil Composting. p.5. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), Washington DC, 20433, USA

46 - Bitton, Gabriel (1994). Wastewater Microbiology. p. 166, 352. Wiley-Liss, Inc. 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10518-0012.

47 - Sterritt, Robert M. (1988). Microbiology for Environmental and Public Health Engineers. P. 242, 251-2. E. & F. N. Spon Ltd., New York, NY 10001 USA.

48 - Radtke, T.M., and Gist, G.L. (1989). "Wastewater Sludge Disposal: Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria May Pose Health Hazard." Journal of Environmental Health. Vol 52, No.2, Sept/Oct 1989. (pp.102-5).

49 - Environment Reporter. 7/10/92. (p.770).

50 - Environment Reporter. 11/1/91. (p.1653).

51 - Ibid. 1/17/92. (p.2154).

52 - Damsker, M. (1992). "Sludge Beats Lead." Organic Gardening. Feb, 1992, Vol. 39, Issue 2, p.19.

53 - Contact JCH Environmental Engineering, Inc., 2730 Remington Court, Missoula, MT 59801-7121. Phone (406) 721-1164.

54 - Miller, T. L. et al., (1992). Selected Metal and Pesticide Content of Raw and Mature Compost Samples from Eleven Illinois Facilities. Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources. and:Manios, T. and Stentiford, E.I. (1998). Heavy Metals Fractionation Before, During, and After Composting of Urban Organic Residues. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. p. 227-232.

55 - US EPA, (1989) - Summary Report: In-Vessel Composting of Municipal Wastewater Sludge. pp. 20, 161. EPA/625/8-89/016. Center for Environmental Research Information, Cincinnati, OH.

56 - Fahm. (1980). The Waste of Nations. (p.xxiv).

57 - Ibid. (p.40).

58 - Shuval, Hillel I. et al. (1981). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Night Soil Composting. (summary). International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), Washington DC, 20433, USA.

59 - Rivard, C.J. et al. (1989). "Waste to Energy." Journal of Environmental Health. Vol 52, No.2, Sept/Oct 1989. (p.100).

60 - See Garbage, Oct/Nov 1992, (p.14).


REFERENCES - CHAPTER SIX - COMPOSTING TOILETS & SYSTEMS

1 - Rybczynski, W. et al. (1982). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Low Cost Technology Options for Sanitation, A State of the Art Review and Annotated Bibliography. World Bank. Transportation and Water Department, 1818 H Street N.W., Washington D.C. 20433 USA.

2 - Franceys et al. (1992). A Guide to the Development of On-Site Sanitation. World Health Organization, Geneva. (p. 213).

3 - McGarry, Michael G., and Stainforth, Jill (eds.) (1978). Compost, Fertilizer, and Biogas Production from Human and Farm Wastes in the People’s Republic of China. International Development Research Center, Box 8500, Ottawa, Canada, K1G 3H9 (pages 9, 10, 29, 32).

4 - Rybczynski, W. et al. (1982). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Low Cost Technology Options for Sanitation, A State of the Art Review and Annotated Bibliography. World Bank. Transportation and Water Department, 1818 H Street N.W., Washington D.C. 20433 USA. (p. 114).

5 - McGarry, Michael G., and Stainforth, Jill (eds.) (1978). Compost, Fertilizer, and Biogas Production from Human and Farm Wastes in the People’s Republic of China. International Development Research Center, Box 8500, Ottawa, Canada, K1G 3H9.

6 - Winblad, Uno, and Kilama, Wen (1985). Sanitation Without Water. Macmillan Education Ltd., London and Basingstoke. pp. 20-21.

7 - Winblad, Uno (Ed.) (1998). Ecological Sanitation. Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Stockholm, Sweden. p. 25.

8 - Rybczynski, W. et al. (1982). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Low Cost Technology Options for Sanitation, A State of the Art Review and Annotated Bibliography. World Bank. Transportation and Water Department, 1818 H Street N.W., Washington D.C. 20433 USA.

9 - Ibid.

10 - Clivus Multrum Maintenance Manual, Clivus Multrum, Inc., 21 Canal St., Lawrence, Mass. 01840. (Also contact Hanson Assoc., Lewis Mill, Jefferson, MD 21755).

11 - Ibid.

12 - Ibid.

13 - Source: Pickford, John (1995). Low-Cost Sanitation, Intermediate Technology Publications, 103-105 Southampton Row, London WC1B 4HH, UK. p. 68.

14 - Sun Mar Corp., 900 Hertel Ave., Buffalo, NY 14216 USA; or 5035 North Service Road, Burlington, Ontario, Canada L7L 5V2.

15 - AlasCan, Inc., 3400 International Way, Fairbanks, Alaska 99701, phone/fax (907) 452-5257 [as seen in Garbage, Feb/Mar 1993, p.35].

16 - Composting Toilet Systems, PO Box 1928 (or 1211 Bergen Rd.), Newport, WA 99156, phone: (509) 447-3708; Fax: (509) 447-3753.


REFERENCES - CHAPTER SEVEN - WORMS AND DISEASE

1 - Kristof, Nicholas D. (1995). Japanese is Too Polite for Words. Pittsburgh Post Gazette, Sunday, September 24, 1995. P. B-8.

2 - Beeby, John (1995). The Tao of Pooh (now titled Future Fertility). Disclaimer, and pp. 64-65. Ecology Action of the Midpeninsula, 5798 Ridgewood Road, Willits, CA 95490-9730.

3 - Beeby, John (1995). The Tao of Pooh (now titled Future Fertility). Pp. 11-12. Ecology Action of the Midpeninsula, 5798 Ridgewood Road, Willits, CA 95490-9730.

4 - Barlow, Ronald S. (1992). The Vanishing American Outhouse. P. 2. Windmill Publishing Co., 2147 Windmill View Road, El Cajon, California 92020 USA.

5 - Warren, George M. (1922 - revised 1928). Sewage and Sewerage of Farm Homes. US Department of Agriculture, Farmer’s Bulletin No. 1227. As seen in: Barlow, Ronald S. (1992). The Vanishing American Outhouse. Pp. 107-110. Windmill Publishing Co., 2147 Windmill View Road, El Cajon, California 92020 USA.

6 - Shuval, Hillel I. et al. (1981). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Night Soil Composting. p.8. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), Washington DC, 20433, USA.

7 - Tompkins, P., and Boyd, C. (1989). Secrets of the Soil. Harper and Row: New York. (pp.94-5).

8 - Howard, Sir Albert. The Soil and Health: A Study of Organic Agriculture. Schocken: New York. 1947. (pp. 37-38).

9 - Ibid. (p.177).

10 - Feachem, et al. (1980). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation. The World Bank, Director of Information and Public Affairs, Washington D.C. 20433.

11 - Sterritt, Robert M. (1988). Microbiology for Environmental and Public Health Engineers. P. 238. E. & F. N. Spon Ltd., New York, NY 10001 USA.

12 - Jervis, N. "Waste Not, Want Not". Natural History. May, 1990 (p.73).

13 - Winblad, Uno (Ed.) (1998). Ecological Sanitation. Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Stockholm, Sweden. p. 75.

14 - Sterritt, Robert M. (1988). Microbiology for Environmental and Public Health Engineers. Pp. 59-60. E. & F. N. Spon Ltd., New York, NY 10001 USA.

15 - Palmisano, Anna C. and Barlaz, Morton A. (Eds.) (1996). Microbiology of Solid Waste. Pp. 159. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

16 - Gotaas, Harold B., (1956). Composting - Sanitary Disposal and Reclamation of Organic Wastes. p.20. World Health Organization, Monograph Series Number 31. Geneva.

17 - Sopper, W.E. and Kardos, L.T. (Eds.). (1973). Recycling Treated Municipal Wastewater and Sludge Through Forest and Cropland. The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (pp. 248-51).

18 - Ibid. (pp. 251-252).

19 - Shuval, Hillel I. et al. (1981). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Night Soil Composting. p.4. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), Washington DC, 20433, USA.

20 - Sterritt, Robert M. (1988). Microbiology for Environmental and Public Health Engineers. P. 252. E. & F. N. Spon Ltd., New York, NY 10001 USA.

21 - Cheng, Thomas C. (1973). General Parasitology. Academic Press, Inc., 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003 (p. 645).

22 - Shuval, Hillel I. et al. (1981). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Night Soil Composting. p.6. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), Washington DC, 20433, USA.

23 - Feachem et al. (1980). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation: Health Aspects of Excreta and Sullage Management. Energy, Water and Telecommunications Department of the World Bank, 1818 H Street N.W., Washington D.C. 20433. This comprehensive work cites 394 references from throughout the world, and was carried out as part of the World Bank’s research project on appropriate technology for water supply and sanitation.

24 - Ibid.

25 - Olson, O. W. (1974). Animal Parasites - Their Life Cycles and Ecology. University Park Press, Baltimore, MD (p. 451-452).

26 - Crook, James (1985). "Water Reuse in California." Journal of the American Waterworks Association. v77, no. 7. as seen in The Water Encyclopedia by van der Leeden et al. (1990), Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, Mich. 48118.

27 - Boyd, R. F. and Hoerl, B. G. (1977). Basic Medical Microbiology. Little, Brown and Co., Boston Mass. (p. 494).

28 - Cheng, Thomas C. (1973) General Parasitology. Academic Press Inc., 111 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10003. (p. 645).

29 - Sterritt, Robert M. (1988). Microbiology for Environmental and Public Health Engineers. Pp. 244-245. E. & F. N. Spon Ltd., New York, NY 10001 USA.

30 - Epstein, Elliot (1998). “Pathogenic Health Aspects of Land Application.” Biocycle, September 1998, p.64. The JG Press, Inc., 419 State Avenue, Emmaus, PA 18049.

31 - Shuval, Hillel I. et al. (1981). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Night Soil Composting. p.5. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), Washington DC, 20433, USA.

32 - Franceys, R. et al. (1992). A Guide to the Development of On-Site Sanitation. World Health Organization, Geneva. p. 212.

33 - Schoenfeld, M., and Bennett, M. (1992). Water Quality Analysis of Wolf Creek. (Unpublished manuscript). Slippery Rock University, Applied Ecology Course, PREE, Fall Semester. (Prof. P. Johnson), Slippery Rock, PA 16057

34 - Pomeranz, V.E. and Schultz, D., (1972). The Mother’s and Father’s Medical Encyclopedia. The New American Library, Inc., 1633 Broadway, New York, NY 10019. (p.627).

35- Chandler, A.C. and Read, C.P. (1961). Introduction to Parasitology. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.: New York.

36 - Brown, H.W. and Neva, F.A. (1983). Basic Clinical Parasitology. Appleton-Century-Crofts/Norwalk, Connecticut 06855. (pp.128-31). Pinworm destruction by composting mentioned in: Gotaas, Harold B., (1956). Composting - Sanitary Disposal and Reclamation of Organic Wastes . p.20. World Health Organization, Monograph Series Number 31. Geneva.

37 - Brown, H.W. and Neva, F.A. (1983). Basic Clinical Parasitology. Appleton-Century-Crofts/Norwalk, Connecticut 06855. (pp.119-126).

38 - Ibid.

39 - Ibid.

40 - Haug, Roger T. (1993). The Practical Handbook of Compost Engineering. p. 141. CRC Press, Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd. N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.

41 - Shuval, Hillel I. et al. (1981). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Night Soil Composting. p.4. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), Washington DC, 20433, USA.

42 - Franceys, R. et al. (1992). A Guide to the Development of On-Site Sanitation. World Health Organization, Geneva. p. 214.

43 - Shuval, Hillel I. et al. (1981). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Night Soil Composting. p.7. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), Washington DC, 20433, USA.


REFERENCES - CHAPTER EIGHT - THE TAO OF COMPOST

1 - LaMotte Chemical Products Co., Chestertown, MD 21620

2 - Rodale, J. I., (1960). The Complete Book of Composting. P. 650, Rodale Books, Emmaus, PA.

3 - Kitto, Dick. (1988). Composting: The Organic Natural Way. Thorsons Publishers Ltd.: Wellingborough, England. (p. 103).

4 - World of Composting Toilets Forum Update No. 3, Monday, November 2, 1998. Reply to: earthwise@earthwise.nwnet.co.uk.

5 - Del Porto, David, and Steinfeld, Carol (1999). The Composting Toilet System Book - editor’s draft. Center for Ecological Pollution Prevention, PO Box 1330, Concord, MA 01742-1330.

6 - Olexa, M. T. and Trudeau, Rebecca L., (1994). How is the Use of Compost Regulated? University of Florida, Forida Cooperative Extension Service, Document No. SS-FRE-19, September 1994.

7 - Pennsylvania Solid Waste Management Act, Title 35, Chapter 29A.

8 - Pennsylvania Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act (1988), Title 53, Chapter 17A.

9 - King, F.H. (1911). Farmers of Forty Centuries. Rodale Press, Inc., Emmaus, PA 18049. (pp.78, 202).


REFERENCES - CHAPTER NINE - ALTERNATIVE GREY WATER SYSTEMS

1 - Waterless Toilets as Repair for Failed Septic Tank Systems. Bio-Sun Systems, Inc., RR #2, Box 134A, Millerton, PA 16936. Ph: 717-537-2200. Email: Bio-sun@ix.netcom.com

2 - US EPA (1992). Wastewater Treatment/Disposal for Small Communities. P. 42. EPA/625/R-92/005. US EPA Office of Research and Development, Office of Water, Washington DC 20460 USA.

3 - Bennett, Dick (1995). Graywater, An Option for Household Water Reuse. Home Energy Magazine, July/August, 1995.

4 - Gerba, Charles P. et al. (1995). Water Quality Study of Graywater Treatment Systems. Water Resources Bulletin, February, 1995, Vol. 31, No. 1, p. 109. American Water Resources Association.

5 - Rose, Joan B. et al. (1991). Microbial Quality and Persistence of Enteric Pathogens in Graywater from Various Household Sources. Water Resources, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 37-42, 1991.

6 - Karpiscak, Martin M. et al. (1990). Residential Water Conservation: Casa del Agua. Water Resources Bulletin, December 1990, p. 945-946. American Water Resources Association.

7 - Gerba, Charles P. et al. (1995). Water Quality Study of Graywater Treatment Systems. Water Resources Bulletin, February, 1995, Vol. 31, No. 1, p. 109. American Water Resources Association.

8 - Karpiscak, Martin M. et al. (1990). Residential Water Conservation: Casa del Agua. Water Resources Bulletin, December 1990, p. 940. American Water Resources Association.

9 - Rose, Joan B. et al. (1991). Microbial Quality and Persistence of Enteric Pathogens in Graywater from Various Household Sources. Water Resources, Vol. 25, No. 1, p. 40, 1991.

10 - Karpiscak, Martin M. et al. (1990). Residential Water Conservation: Casa del Agua. Water Resources Bulletin, December 1990, p. 940. American Water Resources Association.

11 - Ludwig, Art (1994). Create an Oasis with Greywater. Oasis Design, 5 San Marcos Trout Club, Santa Barbara, CA 93105-9726. Phone: 805-967-9956.

12 - Bennett, Dick (1995). Graywater, An Option for Household Water Reuse. Home Energy Magazine, July/August, 1995.

13 - Rose, Joan B. et al. (1991). Microbial Quality and Persistence of Enteric Pathogens in Graywater from Various Household Sources. Water Resources, Vol. 25, No. 1, p. 40, 1991.

14 - Rose, Joan B. et al. (1991). Microbial Quality and Persistence of Enteric Pathogens in Graywater from Various Household Sources. Water Resources, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 37-38, 1991.

15 - Rose, Joan B. et al. (1991). Microbial Quality and Persistence of Enteric Pathogens in Graywater from Various Household Sources. Water Resources, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 39, 41, 1991.

16 - Bastian, Robert K. (date unknown). Needs and Problems in Sewage Treatment and Effluent Disposal Facing Small Communities; The Role of Wetland Treatment Alternatives. US EPA, Office of Municipal Pollution Control, Washington DC 20460.

17 - Hoang, Tawni et al. (1998). Greenhouse Wastewater Treatment with Constructed Wetlands. Greenhouse Product News, August 1998, p.33.

18 - Golueke, Clarence G. (1977). Using Plants for Wastewater Treatment. Compost Science, September/October 1977, p. 18.

19 - Berghage, R.D. et al. (date unknown). “Green” Water Treatment for the Green Industries: Opportunities for Biofiltration of Greenhouse and Nursery Irrigation Water and Runoff with Constructed Wetlands. and: Gupta, G.C. (1980). Use of Water Hyacinths in Wastewater Treatment. Journal of Environmental Health. 43(2):80-82. and:Joseph, J. (1978). Hyacinths for Wastewater Treatment. Reeves Journal. 56(2):34-36.

20 - Hillman, W.S. and Culley, D.D. Jr. (1978). The Uses of Duckweed. American Scientist, 66:442-451

21 - Pries, John (date unknown, but 1996 or later). Constructed Treatment Wetland Systems in Canada. Gore and Storrie Ltd., Suite 600, 180 King St. S., Waterloo, Ontario, N2J 1P8. Ph: 519-579-3500.

22 - Golueke, Clarence G. (1977). Using Plants for Wastewater Treatment. Compost Science, September/October 1977, p. 18.

23 - Golueke, Clarence G. (1977). Using Plants for Wastewater Treatment. Compost Science, September/October 1977, p. 17.

24 - For more information, contact Carl Lindstrom at: http://www.greywater.com/


REFERENCES - CHAPTER TEN - THE END IS NEAR

1 - Rybczynski, W. et. al. (1982). Appropriate Technology for Water Supply and Sanitation - Low Cost Technology Options for Sanitation, A State of the Art Review and Annotated Bibliography. World Bank, Geneva. (p. 20).

2 - Kugler, R. et al. (1998). Technological Quality Guarantees for H.Q. Compost from Bio-Waste. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. P. 31. Available from Stuart Brown, National Compost Development Association, PO Box 4, Grassington, North Yorkshire, BD23 5UR UK (stuartbrown@compuserve.com).

3 - Vorkamp, Katrin et al. (1998). Multiresidue Analysis of Pesticides and their Metabolites in Biological Waste. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. p. 221. Available from Stuart Brown, National Compost Development Association, PO Box 4, Grassington, North Yorkshire, BD23 5UR UK (stuartbrown@compuserve.com).

4 - Wheeler, Pat (1998). Results of the Environment Agency Research Programme into Composting of Green and Household Wastes. As seen in the 1997 Organic Recovery and Biological Treatment Proceedings, Stentiford, E.I. (ed.). International Conference, Harrogate, United Kingdom. 3-5 September, 1997. p. 77. Available from Stuart Brown, National Compost Development Association, PO Box 4, Grassington, North Yorkshire, BD23 5UR UK (stuartbrown@compuserve.com).

5 - Johnson, Julie. (1990). "Waste That No One Wants.” New Scientist. 9/8/90, Vol. 127, Issue 1733. (p.50).

6 - Benedict, Arthur H. et. al. (1988). "Composting Municipal Sludge: A Technology Evaluation.” Appendix A. Noyes Data Corporation.

7 - Biocycle, January 1998, p. 71.

8 - Johnson, Julie. (1990). Waste That No One Wants. (p. 53) see above.

9 - Simon, Ruth. (1990). The Whole Earth Compost Pile? Forbes. 5/28/90, Vol. 145, Issue 11. p. 136.

10 - Gotaas, Harold B., (1956). Composting - Sanitary Disposal and Reclamation of Organic Wastes. p.101. World Health Organization, Monograph Series Number 31. Geneva.


Source: The Humanure Handbook. Jenkins Publishing, PO Box 607, Grove City, PA 16127. To order, phone: 1-800-639-4099.
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